Contributors

Eugene Cashman

Eugene K. Cashman, Jr., President and Chief Executive Officer of The Urban Child Institute, received his M.S. in Technology of Management from American University and his B.S. in Business Administration from Auburn University.

For over forty years, his professional career has been focused on the well-being of children and ways to determine and implement best practices to ensure a better quality of life. Currently this particular emphasis is on optimal brain development in children 0-3 years of age.

Mr. Cashman has served as President and Chief Executive Officer of several organizations including: Le Bonheur Children's Medical Center from 1977-1995; Le Bonheur Health Systems, Inc., 1983-2004, and continued as President and Chief Executive Officer when the organization became The Urban Child Institute in 2004 to the present.

He is a Fellow in the American College of Healthcare Executives, and has served on numerous boards and committees over the years to include being a past Board Member of Blue Cross/Blue Shield of Memphis, National Association for Children and Related Institutions, and Methodist Healthcare-Memphis Hospitals. He serves on the University of Memphis Board of Visitors and the Board of The Village at Germantown. His professional associations have included Young Presidents' Organization and World Presidents' Organization.

Mr. Cashman has published several articles, and is the recipient of the L. M. Graves Award, Methodist Le Bonheur Healthcare Foundation Living Award, the University of Memphis Friend of the University Award and the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award.

Henry Herrod

Dr. Henry G. Herrod earned his B.A. degree from Princeton University, with a major in history. He received his Masters of Science degree and M.D. from the University of Alabama in Birmingham (UAB) School of Medicine, from which he received the Distinguished Alumnus Award in 2000. His pediatric training was at the University of Washington, and his allergy/immunology training took place at the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute, Melbourne Australia, the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland, and at Duke University.

Dr. Herrod occupied the Le Bonheur Endowed Chair in Pediatrics, served as Vice Chairman of the Department of Pediatrics at the University of Tennessee, Memphis, and as Senior Vice President for Medical Affairs at Methodist/Le Bonheur until 1998, when he assumed the role of Dean of the College of Medicine at the University of Tennessee Center for the Health Sciences, a position he held until 2005. Dr. Herrod has published more than 200 articles, abstracts, and book chapters. In 2009, he left the University of Tennessee and is currently a Fellow at The Urban Child Institute in Memphis.

JoeAnn Ballard

Born in Lucedale, Mississippi, JoeAnn Ballard received her undergraduate degree from Nazarene Bible Institute in West Virginia. JoeAnn continued her education at the University of Tennessee and Trevecca University, where she was awarded an Honorary Doctorate.

JoeAnn has impacted Memphis and Shelby County for over 30 years through the concerted efforts of the Neighborhood Christian Centers, Inc., (NCC) which she founded. She is the former Executive Director of the NCC and now presides as the Senior Advisor to the new President/CEO, Ephie B. Johnson. She walked hand in hand with her late husband, Mr. Monroe Ballard, Sr., changing a generation together one life at a time. Together they raised over 75 foster children and have nurtured and mentored thousands of others. JoeAnn's focus is to see the local church step up and take their rightful place in their communities, meeting the practical and spiritual needs of the people. She also has a great burden for families; the restoration of the family unit and brain development in children 0 to 3. Dr. Ballard currently serves as a consultant to The Urban Child Institute.

Sallie Foster

Sallie Foster has served as Executive Assistant to the President and Chief Executive Officer of The Urban Child Institute since 1977. She currently provides administrative assistance to the President and the Board of Directors of the Institute. Sallie also manages the day-to-day operation of the 600 Jefferson building.

She earned her Bachelor of Science degree in Education from the University of Memphis in 1985.

Doug Imig

Professor Doug Imig is a Resident Fellow at The Urban Child Institute where he directs TUCI's Center for Urban Child Policy. Doug is also a professor of political science at the University of Memphis. He was on the faculty at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas and a visiting scholar at Harvard University before coming to Memphis.

Doug's research focuses on the political representation of children, and social movement mobilization in the United States and Western Europe over the last century. He is the author of Poverty and Power, co-author of Contentious Europeans, and author of numerous journal articles and book chapters.

Jean Phebus

Jean Phebus has been with The Urban Child Institute since 2006, overseeing the Institute's financial and administrative activities.

Before joining the Institute, she held financial and administrative management positions at both for-profit and nonprofit organizations. She has 11 years experience in non-profit fields, including serving as Director of Memphis Works, a service provider of job training for mentally disabled people, and Director of the Day Foundation. She also has 9 years experience in for-profit organizations including 5 years with Deloitte and Touche. In addition, she has served on several nonprofit boards and volunteers for various causes.

She earned a bachelor's degree in business administration from the University of Tennessee at Martin in 1992. She passed the CPA exam in 1993.

Cyril Chang

Professor Cyril Chang is a Suzanne Downs Palmer Professor in Economic at the Fogelman College of Business and Economics, The University of Memphis, where he is also the Director of Methodist Le Bonheur Center for Healthcare Economics. In addition to his major appointment at The University of Memphis, Professor Chang serves as an adjunct Professor of Economics in the Department of Preventive Medicine, the University of Tennessee Health Science Center.

Professor Chang received his Ph.D. in economics from The University of Virginia and has been with the University of Memphis since 1981. He teaches Health Care Economics and Executive MBA Economics, and regularly conducts executive training seminars and workshops for health care professionals and executives. Professor Chang has written a book and published more than 100 articles and book chapters in health care economics and health services research. In 2004, he won the University of Memphis' Board of Visitors Eminent Faculty Award, the highest distinction given annually to one faculty member who has made sustained contributions to the University of Memphis in scholarly activity, teaching, and service.

Catherine Joyce

Catherine received her BA in 2003 from LaSalle University in Philadelphia, PA where she majored in Political Science. Later she earned her MA from the University of Memphis in Political Science with a focus in Public Policy and American Government.

Catherine is currently the Director of Data Management at The Urban Child Institute where she is working on several projects including data development, modeling and simulation of child outcomes based upon early life experiences, Brain Development Awareness Survey, and the annual publication of "The State of Children in Memphis and Shelby County: Data Book."

Andy Bush

Andrew J. Bush earned the Bachelor of Science degree from the Ohio State University followed by a Master of Science degree from Wright State University. He earned his Doctor of Philosophy degree at the Ohio State University where he received the Alumni Award for Graduate Student Research and Creative Achievement as well as the Flesher Fellowship Award for Outstanding Scholarship.

His teaching experience includes five years teaching mathematics in public schools in addition to over twenty years teaching statistics and research design courses at the graduate school level. In his career, Andy has been given awards for teaching and research excellence including the University of Memphis Distinguished Teaching Award and the Phi Delta Kappa Outstanding Research Award.

In addition to his academic background, Andy has thirteen years of full-time hospital research experience including serving as Deputy Director of Health Services Research and Director of Clinical Data Management for the Baptist Memorial Health Care Corporation and he has held state level elected office in the Tennessee Health Management Systems Society. He has published numerous peer-reviewed research articles, coauthored several books, teamed with other researchers to secure more than twenty research grants, made numerous research presentations at national and international professional meetings and served on many student graduate committees.

In 2009, Dr. Bush retired from his position as a Professor of Biostatistics in the Department of Preventive Medicine at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center and is currently both Emeritus Professor in the College of Medicine at UTHSC and a Resident Fellow at The Urban Child Institute in Memphis. His current primary research interest lies in analysis of longitudinal data from the CANDLE (Conditions Affecting Neurocognitive Development and Learning in Early childhood) Research Study.

Terri Combs-Orme

Terri Combs-Orme is a Professor of Social Work at the University of Tennessee in Knoxville, where she teaches graduate courses in human development with a focus on neurophysiology and research. Professor Combs-Orme has previously taught in the School of Public Health at The Johns Hopkins University and at the University of Maryland and Louisiana State University. She received her PhD from Washington University in St. Louis.

Professor Combs' research focuses on parenting, especially the parenting of infants, and the needs of disadvantaged families. She has published 45 articles in social work, public health, and medical journals, in addition to three books. She regularly writes for various regional parenting magazines, including Memphis Parent.

Barbara Nixon

Barbara Holden Nixon has a B.S. from the University of Memphis and a Masters of Science in Social Work from the University of Tennessee School of Social Work. She is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and a Tennessee Supreme Court Certified Family and Civil Mediator.

Mrs. Holden Nixon has worked as a Social Worker for the Tennessee Department of Mental Health, a Clinical Social Worker at Rancho Los Amigos Hospital in Los Angeles, California, Family Services of Orange County, California, and the Texas Institute for Rehabilitation and Research in Houston, Texas. In 1991, She founded the Prevention Wrap-around Services program for the Memphis and Shelby County Children's Community Services Agency where she then served as Executive Director until 2001. In 2001, she became the founding Director of the First years Institute, a non-profit early childhood collaborative based at Lebonheur Children's Medical Center.

Mrs. Holden-Nixon has served on a number of state, regional and national committees that have addressed children's issues. She most recently served on the Tennessee Commission on Children and Youth and is an active member of Tennessee Governor Phil Bredesen's Books from Birth Cabinet. She serves on the University of Tennessee School of Social Work Board of Visitors and is a Trustee for St. Mary's Episcopal School. In 2006 she joined the staff at The Urban Child Institute where she has focused on strategy, policy and dissemination.

Katy Spurlock

Katy Spurlock received her B.A. degree from Rhodes College, with a major in English. She received her Masters of Science degree in Social Work from the University of Tennessee College of Social Work and her Masters of Science degree in Business from the University of Memphis.

From 1994-1999, Katy was Project Director for a research study conducted by the Prudential Center for Healthcare Research to determine barriers to prenatal care for Medicaid-eligible women. The study resulted in two publications. From 1999-2005, she was Program Associate at the Plough Foundation, a private foundation in Memphis with a specific interest in early childhood education and services.

At The Urban Child Institute, Katy is Director of Education and Dissemination and currently serves on several nonprofit boards and community advisory committees.

Phyllis Betts

Professor Phyllis Betts is the founding director of the Center for Community Building and Neighborhood Action at the University of Memphis. She has over twelve years experience working with community development organizations and other public and non-profit agencies. Her work revolves around the impact of poverty and inequality on neighborhoods, health and other quality of life indicators, and how to create and sustain healthy social support systems and neighborhood environments.

As a Research Fellow with The Urban Child Institute, her focus is on the impact of poverty and "neighborhood effects" on early childhood development. Professor Betts is the neighborhood effects research partner for the CANDLE study and brings this perspective to other TUCI-affiliated projects such as infant mortality and teen pregnancy prevention. She also contributes to the Data Book and directed an Annie E. Casey-funded inventory and analysis of resources and collaborative networks available for early childhood interventions.

In addition to her role with The Urban Child Institute, Dr. Betts is a research partner for the Community Development Council of Greater Memphis, the coordinator of the SouthEast Memphis Initiative, the research partner for the Southeast Memphis CDC and the community action component of the Safeways community safety strategy, the evaluator for four HOPE VI redevelopment projects in terms of their impact on neighborhoods, a pilot site partner for The Brookings Institution Urban Markets Initiative, the lead organization partner in Memphis for The Urban Institute's National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership, and the developer of a new on-line community indicators and information commons (InfoWorks Memphis, spring 2010 launch). She is also on the faculty of NeighborWorks America's National Training Institute for community developers.

She has a PhD in Sociology from the University of Chicago, with a special emphasis on urban policy, community and neighborhood change and poverty and social inequality.

Stanley Hyland

Professor Stan Hyland is currently the Head of the School of Urban Affairs and Public Policy at the University of Memphis and Professor in the Department of Anthropology. He received his doctoral degree from the University of Illinois in cultural anthropology. In 2005 he received the University of Memphis' Excellence in Engaged Scholarship Award and currently holds the Faudree Professorship. He serves on several community boards including The Urban Child Institute. Since coming to the University of Memphis in 1976, Stan has worked with numerous governmental agencies, nonprofits, and community based organizations in a variety of community economic development initiatives. Stan has served as coordinator for several comprehensive regional and city-wide strategic planning efforts. In 1988-1990 he directed research for the federal commission on the economic development of the lower Mississippi Delta region, chaired by then governor, Bill Clinton. In 1998-99 he coordinated the University of Memphis collaborative effort with the Memphis Housing Authority's Transformation of Public Housing Initiative. Similarly in 2001-02 he coordinated the University of Memphis efforts in the Citywide Strategic Planning, Building Better Neighborhoods Together. Professor Hyland has been actively involved in the evaluation of all four of the HOPE VI revitalization efforts.

At the neighborhood level he has been involved in collaborative revitalization efforts in Orange Mound, North Memphis and the University District. His work with youth in Orange Mound received a Best Practices Award from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. In North Memphis Stan has spent the past four years working with middle school students on developing better communication strategies to build a healthy community. His book entitled Community Building for the 21st Century, published in 2006, brings together various perspectives and techniques on community development from a global perspective. Currently he is collaborating with the Neighborhood Christian Center in an effort to develop a media-based participatory research to address disparities among children 0 to 3.

Richard Janikowski

Professor Richard Janikowski is Director of the Center for Community Criminology and Research and Associate Professor in the Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Memphis. He is also a Fellow at The Urban Child Institute. He is the recipient of the University's Excellence in Engaged Scholarship Award and the Arts & Sciences W. Russell Smith Award for Teaching Excellence. In 2007 & 2008, he was recognized in the "Who's Who in Memphis" edition of Memphis Magazine.

Professor Janikowski has worked extensively with the Memphis Police Department, the United States Attorney for the Western District of Tennessee, the Shelby County Sheriff's Office, and many other law enforcement agencies on a variety of projects. He was the Principal Investigator for the Memphis Sexual Assault Research project, a part of the United States Department of Justice's Strategic Approaches to Community Safety Initiative (SACSI) and is currently the Principal Investigator for the Memphis Project Safe Neighborhoods Initiative. In addition, he is the research partner for the Memphis Police Department's Blue C.R.U.S.H. strategy targeting "hotspots" of violent and property crime in Memphis and provides research support for Operation Safe Community.

Professor Janikowski has served as a consultant and trainer for the U.S. Department of Justice's National Institute of Justice and its Bureau of Justice Assistance; he has also served on the editorial boards and acted as a peer reviewer for numerous criminology journals. He is a member of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, American Society of Criminology, and the Southern Criminal Justice Association. Professor Janikowski has lectured extensively and trained police officers on gangs, youth violence, violent crime, problem-solving policing, and crime analysis.

He has published on issues concerning criminal law, criminal procedure, and criminology. Professor Janikowski is the co-author of Legality and Illegality, published by Peter Lang Publishing and is currently completing a book on constitutional criminal procedure. His other research interests focus on collaborations among local, state, and federal criminal justice agencies to reduce violent and gang crime and the impact of early childhood experience on future criminality.

Scott Wilson

Scott Wilson is the Director of Communications and Technology for The Institute. In addition to developing and executing the organization's communication strategy, his department deploys and maintains the website and network technology utilized by The Institute. Formerly the Director of Data, Scott was responsible for the publication of the annual "State Of The Children In Memphis And Shelby County" as well as overseeing the collection, organization and storage of data for the Institute. Prior to joining The Institute, he owned and operated two businesses after more than 13 years in management positions at FedEx. He also writes regularly about Leadership, Technology at scottkwilson.com.

While born and raised in Memphis, Scott has lived and worked in several cities around the Southeast before returning home for good. Married, with three children, Scott has a B.S. in Organizational Management from Crichton College and has taught business classes at Southwest Tennessee Community College.

Marc Goodman-Bryan

Marc Goodman-Bryan is a Research Associate at The Urban Child Institute. He earned a B.A. in Philosophy from The University of Memphis in 2004 and a Master's Degree in Political Science from the University of Memphis in 2008. He has been with TUCI since 2008, and has contributed to numerous policy briefs and to The State of Children in Memphis and Shelby County: Data Book IV. His research interests include the effects of parenting style, family structure, and child care quality on child well-being. Other recent work examines topics such as infant mortality, educational achievement gaps, and emergent literacy.

Frances Tylavsky

As the Principal Investigator for the CANDLE study, Fran's experience as a researcher in the field of health sciences is wide-ranging, from genomewide SNP genotyping and DNA methylation to nutrition epidemiology. With more than 100 peer-reviewed publications to her credit, Frances is currently a Professor in the Department of Preventive Medicine, Division of Biostatistics and Epdemiology at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center in Memphis, Tennessee.

Originally from western Pennsylvania, Frances holds an M.S. from Boston University and a Dr.P.H. from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. In addition to managing her demanding research and professorial schedules, Fran is married and a devoted mother of two.

Katherine Baldwin

Katherine received her Bachelor of Arts degree in German from Rhodes College and her Masters of Science degree in social work from the University of Tennessee. She has coordinated several research projects including Screening for Social, Communicative and Behavioral Problems in the Schools (University of Colorado), Availability of Hepatitis B Vaccine for High-Risk Adolescents (University of Rochester), and The Evaluation of Fetal and Infant Mortality Review (FIMR) Programs Nationwide (Johns Hopkins University).

As a parent of three children with hearing loss, Katherine has worked as a regional parent coordinator for Colorado Families for Hands & Voices. Currently, Katherine is a research coordinator in the department of Preventive Medicine at the University of Tennessee. Her focus is on evaluation of community-based programs and outreach efforts related to promoting awareness of early brain development in children 0-3 years of age.

Pamela Connor

Pamela D. Connor is a professor in the Department of Preventive Medicine, with joint appointments in the College of Nursing and with the University of Memphis. She chairs the graduate program in Epidemiology and the online Certificate in Clinical Research program at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center. Professor Connor has a long track record of designing and conducting training initiatives, as well as continued participation in ongoing clinical trials, and is currently the principal investigator on three community intervention studies.

She has mentored over 65 students, published over 40 peer-reviewed articles, made hundreds of national presentations, and is one of the founding editors for The Primary Care Companion to The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

Bill Day

Bill Day is The Urban Child Institute's award-winning artist. He has won the Green Eyeshade Award from the Society of Professional Journalists five times -- in 2009, 2006, 2005, 2001, and 2000. He is the recipient of the 2010 and 1985 Robert F. Kennedy Journalism Awards, which are often called the 'People's Pulitzer' for their efforts to bring attention to the disadvantaged in our society. He has also been honored with the National Headliner Award, the John Fischetti Award, First Amendment Award, New York Newspaper Guild's Page One Award, National Cartoonists Society's Award for Best Editorial Cartoons, The James Aronson Award for Social Justice Journalism, and the 2010 National Press Foundation's Award of Special Merit.

The defense of children and civil rights is a deep and eloquent theme in his work.

Day began as a political cartoonist while studying political science and art at the University of Florida. After college, he worked as an illustrator in the art departments of a number of newspapers and drew political cartoons part-time. In 1980, the Philadelphia Bulletin hired him as a full-time political cartoonist. After the Bulletin folded, he moved to the Memphis Commercial Appeal and then to the Detroit Free Press, where he worked for thirteen years. In 1998, he returned to the Commercial Appeal and his beloved South. In 2009 he began his award-winning work with The Urban Child Institute. This work for the Institute has gained the attention of Memphis television stations, churches, and child advocacy organizations. His display of art on behalf of children can be arranged by contacting the Institute.

Bill Day and his wife Susan have three sons, Sam, Robby and Zack. They attend White Station High School and White Station Middle School.

Rhonda Okoth

Rhonda G. Okoth received her B.S. in Human Ecology from The University of Tennessee at Knoxville in 2005 and her M.P.H. in Epidemiology from Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine in New Orleans, LA in 2010. While at Tulane her concentration was in maternal and child health epidemiology with special interests in health disparities research, infant mortality, adverse birth outcomes, and preconception health.

Rhonda is currently a Research Associate at The Urban Child Institute where she is working on several projects involving data collection and analysis focused on assessing community knowledge of the importance of early brain development in children 0-3 years old. Rhonda is involved in a variety of research projects ranging from Books from Birth evaluation to UTHSC CANDLE study examination.

Marion Hare

Dr. Marion Hare is the Director of the Data Evaluation Center at The Urban Child Institute. She is an Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Preventive Medicine at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center (UTHSC). She received her medical degree from UTHSC in 1989. Prior to attending medical school Dr. Hare received a M.A degree in Exercise Science (1981) from Wake Forest University and worked as an exercise physiologist at the UTHSC where her work included exercise conditioning and testing of children with asthma and congenital heart disease.

After completing her pediatric residency in 1992, she began her medical career working for the National Health Service Corp and later spent two years in private practice. Dr. Hare returned to the University of Tennessee in 1996 where her initial focus was clinical medicine. In 2004, Dr. Hare received a M.S. degree in Epidemiology from the UTHSC. Her specific research interests are in the areas of early childhood development and obesity treatment and prevention. She is currently the PI of the NIH/NICHD grant entitled "Treating Childhood Obesity with Family Lifestyle Changes" and Co- PI of two Blue Cross Blue Shield funded projects, designed to impact infant morbidity and mortality, "The Blues Pilot Project" and "Blues II." She also serves as a clinical instructor of pediatric residents and medical students and teaches graduate students in the UTHSC epidemiology program.

Bill Howell

Dr. Bill Howell has a B.S. and M.S. from the University of Memphis and a Ph.D. in neurobiology from Cornell University. Besides studying with and working for the Atomic Energy Commission (now the Nuclear Regulatory Commission) at the University of Puerto Rico and Cornell University, Dr. Howell has held teaching and research positions at Frederick College, Cornell University, and Baylor College of Medicine. His work at Baylor was primarily with the Department of Psychiatry's Sex and Marriage Clinic and the Sleep Laboratory. Currently he is on the adjunct faculties of the Department of Psychiatry and the Department of Preventive Medicine of the College of Medicine at the University of Tennessee. Dr. Howell is the author of several books, book chapters, scientific papers, and articles. He is a neurobiologist at The Urban Child Institute.

Matthew Cowgur
Matthew graduated from Taylor University with a B.S. degree in Computer Graphic Arts/Systems in 2003. He started developing web sites for small businesses and non-profit organizations shortly before graduating, and started his own web development business after a few years of working with a small company. Matthew took his position as The Urban Child Institute in 2010 to continue improving and expanding The Institute's web presence. He's madly in love with his wife Sarah and daughters Ramona and Sylvie.
Jason Ziegler

With a B.B.A. in Management Information Systems from the Fogelman College of Business and Economics at the University of Memphis, Jason has developed custom software and business solutions since the early 1990s.

Jason's work spans several industries, including energy management, law enforcement, non-profits, auto racing, telecommunications, packaging, printing, shipping, marketing, entertainment and real estate. Jason joined The Urban Child Institute in 2008 to spearhead future technology initiatives. He is a lifelong Memphian, as are his wife Kristy and their son Ben.

Pete Albrecht

Pete Albrecht is a Graduate Assistant with the Urban Child Institute. He earned his B.A. in Political Science from the University of Memphis in 2011. Currently, he is pursuing his M.A. in Political Science at the University of Memphis with a specialization in international relations and comparative politics.

Since joining the Urban Child Institute in August 2011, Pete has overseen and directed various projects such as the Parent's Guide to Kindergarten Readiness and the monthly publications of Research to Policy.  Pete is also the director of internships for the Urban Child Institute.